Several pieces of solar equipment are necessary for installing this type of an energy system for a home or a business. While panels, also known as cells, are the fundamental part of a system such as this, other components must also be used in order for the installation to be successful. A functional system includes meters, wiring, panels, converters, conductors, and in some cases batteries.
The first thing that must be decided when installing new solar equipment is where the actual equipment will be installed. There are specially designed brackets that the panels need when being placed on the roof top. There are brackets that are specifically designed for ground placement. The panels and brackets that are installed will be placed depending upon where the best direct access to sunlight exists. While the optimum place to install these panels would be on the roof, there are times when this is not possible or feasible. In these cases, they will be set up on the ground or near the structure. They are placed in an open area to avoid obstructions such as trees, neighboring buildings, or nearby hills.
There are also brackets that allow for the panels to be raised in areas that might not be as close to the equator as others. Some brackets are also automated so that they will reposition themselves to receive the best sunlight throughout the year. The solar equipment units that will be installed will depend on whether it is a home or a business, how large the structure or facility is, and where it is physically located.
Meters are an important part of the equation. In some states, net metering is available for a power customer that uses electricity from on and off the grid. In these states, if a customer is generating their own power and they have an overage, they can sell this extra electricity back to their power company. This is called the buyback program. The energy sold to the utility company will then be credited back to the customer's account. This is a second way to boost savings through generating electricity brought about by the use of solar equipment.
Materials that are conductive to energy, such as copper or silver, are part of the manufactured panels. This is another important part of the equation. There is a fair amount of wiring that is required in order to connect the various pieces of the solar equipment together. Each of the panels must be wired together so that they can all be used collectively in absorbing the sunlight, which will then be converted to energy. The wiring is also used to connect the panels to the converter, the battery, and the meter.
The more electricity that a customer wants to generate, the more panels they will need. Each of the cells in this type of an energy collection method will only generate a predetermined amount of power. This is why there is a need to have more than a few of them when installing an alternative energy source.