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What Are Solar Panels?

Since the trend is increasingly growing on a daily basis, many are wondering what are solar panels and what do they do?  These products are often referred to as photovoltaic plates and they are designed to capture the electrons that are found within the sun light and then transport them to be conducted into usable energy.  One piece can generate anywhere from ninety-five to over four hundred watts of currency.  With this being said, one is not enough to sufficiently provide power to a home or business, so many are often installed at a time to form one complete alternative energy system.

It is important to understand that while there is quite a simple answer to the question of what are solar panels, there are other components that must be installed in order to make the system functional.  Often there is a battery along with wiring to transmit the power, and an inverter that is necessary for the power to be conducted into energy that can be used in the home or office. 

This still leaves the question of what are solar panels unanswered.  Here is a brief overview of their construction.  Each pane is made of a silicon material which is either poly or mono crystalline and sometimes thin film.  It is then topped with a material that is conductive to electricity such as copper or silver.  The end result leaves a waffle pattern on each one of the individual modules.  Once these individual modules or cells are created, they have to be wired together so that they can gather photons and begin the photovoltaic process of creating solar electric power.  While there are many frequencies of light that filter down to the cells, the infrared, ultraviolet and diffused light really can’t be utilized.  The rest is captured for the purpose of conducting electricity.  This is why they aren’t deemed one hundred percent efficient. 

Part of the explanation of what are solar panels also includes where they might be suitably placed.  There are roof mounting kits and ground mounting kits available.  Each of these types has support brackets that are put into place.  Depending on what area of the country they are installed, it may be necessary to raise the cells on a slant or tilt.  The farther away from the equator that someone lives, the more the likelihood exists that there will be a pitch necessary for the cells to work properly.  Trackers can also be used to make the cells more efficient.  This allows for the cells to actively search for the sun light and then pitch themselves in the perfect direction.

Once a consumer realizes the answer to the question of what are solar panels, the next logical query would be about the cost involved.  The answer to that question is dependent on the individual customer and their particular needs.  The cost will vary depending on how many cells the system will include, where the customer lives, and how much reliance they intend to have solely on the alternative energy system.  All of these things will have an impact on the final investment that will need to be made.  This is a technology that is worth exploring as it has the potential to save the homeowner a lot of money in the long run, while they are less dependent on their local utility provider.

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